Compositions
Edgard Varèse

(1883 - 1965)
Edgard Varèse was an innovative French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States. Varèse's music emphasises timbre and rhythm. He was the inventor of the term "organised sound", a phrase meaning that certain timbres and rhythms can be grouped together, sublimating into a whole new definition of music. Although his complete surviving works only last about three hours, he has been recognised as an influence by several major composers of the late 20th century. His use of new instruments and electronic resources led to his being known as the "Father of Electronic Music" while Henry Miller described him as "The stratospheric Colossus of Sound".

Composition timpani and percussion requirements

Arcana

2 Timpani + 14 percussion
Clash cymbals, 3 triangles, 2 gongs, lion's roar, 2 guiros, tubular bells, whip, 2 orchestral bass drums, 4 tam tams, Chinese cymbal, 4 temple blocks, 2 tambourines, snare drum, tenor drum, 2 suspended cymbals, xylophone, coconut shell, glockenspiel, ratchet
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Intergrales

No Timpani + 4 percussion
Snare drums, lion's roar, orchestral bass drum, triangle, tambourine, tam tam, chains, 3 temple blocks, clash cymbals, 2 suspended cymbals, sleigh bells, chains, gong, deep snare drum, castanets
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Ionisation

No Timpani + 13 percussion
Chinese cymbal, 3 orchestral bass drums, 4 tam tams, gong, cowbell, bongos, 3 snare drums, 2 military snare drums, tenor drum, lion's roar, 2 electric sirens, 2 whips, 2 guiros, 2 triangles, claves, 3 wood blocks, maracas, suspended cymbal, 2 sets of sleigh bells, clash cymbals, tubular bells, castanets, keyed glockenspiel, tambourine, 2 anvils
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Offrandes

No Timpani + 8 percussion
2 tam tams, tambourine, triangle, snare drum, orchestral bass drum, 2 suspended cymbal, castanets
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