George Antheil

(1900 - 1959)
George Antheil was born Trenton, New Jersey and began his professional career in Europe, where he was friends with, among many others, James Joyce, Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, Ernest Hemingway, Eric Satie and Igor Stravinsky. In the early '20s, he lived at the literal centre of English-language culture in Europe: above Sylvia Beach's legendary Shakespeare & Co. bookstore on the Rue de l'Odéon, in Paris's Latin Quarter. Antheil wrote over 300 musical works in all major genres, including symphonies, chamber works, film music, and operas. He was extremely outspoken and articulate, and wrote numerous articles, as well as an autobiography, Bad Boy of Music, which is still in print.

Composition timpani and percussion requirements

A Jazz Symphony (Original version 1925)

No Timpani + 1 percussion + drum kit
Drum kit - xylophone, glockenspiel, steamboat whistle

Ballet Mechanique

No Timpani + 13 or 15 percussion
NB If played as per the score 13 players are required (assuming one player plays the 3 propellors on midi or similar, otherwise 15 are required:

6 xylophones, 4 orchestral bass drum, 8 tom toms, 9 electric bells, tam tam (doubling xylophone 4), siren, 3 propellors: small wooden, large wooden and metal

Cabeza de Vaca

Timpani (hi Bb) + 3 percussion
Tambour militaire, xylophone, orchestral bass drum, vibraphone, tam tam, clash cymbals, snare drum, triangle, glockenspiel, suspended cymbal

Jazz Symphony

No Timpani + 2 percussion
Xylophone, glockenspiel, steamboat whistle, drum kit

Symphony No 3 "American"

Timpani + 3 percussion
Suspended cymbal, clash cymbals, drum kit, glockenspiel, tambourine, orchestral bass drum, triangle, xylophone

Symphony No.4

Timpani + 4 percussion
Gong, vibraphone, vibraphone, xylophone, clash cymbals, triangle, castanets, wood block, orchestral bass drum, snare drum, tambourine

Violin Concerto

Timpani + 2 percussion
Xylophone, clash cymbals, triangle, castanets, tambourine, wood block, snare drum, orchestral bass drum, small kit

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