Compositions
George Benjamin

(b.1960)
George Benjamin is one of the outstanding composers of his generation. Born in 1960, Benjamin started to play the piano at the age of seven, and began composing almost immediately. In 1976 he entered the Paris Conservatoire to study with Olivier Messiaen (composition) and Yvonne Loriod (piano), after which he studied under Alexander Goehr at King's College Cambridge. His first orchestral work, Ringed by the Flat Horizon, was played at the BBC Proms when he was just 20; from the first it achieved a remarkable international performance record, as did two subsequent works, A Mind of Winter  (1981) and At First Light (1982). Antara (1987) was a commission from IRCAM to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Pompidou Centre in 1987 and the Three Inventions for Chamber Orchestra was written for the 75th Salzburg Festival in 1995.

Composition timpani and percussion requirements

Antara

No timpani + 2 percussion
1) 6 anvils low to high, spring coil, 4 x sizzle cymbals, 3 x roto toms, tubular bells A4 & F5 2) 6 anvils low to high, spring coil, orchestral bass drum, 3 x roto toms, tubular bells A3 & B3, 2 pairs maracas
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At First Light

No timpani + 1 percussion + 1 celeste
4 suspended cymbals, 2 triangle, 2 octaves crotales, gong, vibraphone, guiro, maracas, whip, temple bell, ping pong ball, wine glass, large newspaper, tam tam, snare drum, celeste
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Dance Figures

Timpani + 4 percussion + 1 celeste
15 temple bells (L-VS), 2 guiros, tam tam, 2 ratchet, orchestral bass drum, 2 snare drums, glockenspiel, clash cymbals small, 2 anvils, fishing reel, A3 & C4 tuned cowbell, vibraphone, whip, vibraslap, tambourine, 2 log drums, alarm bell, celeste
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Dream of the Song

No Timpani + 2 percussion
Glockenspiel, 2 vibraphones, 2 gongs, 2 suspended cymbals
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Olicantus

No timpani + 2 percussion + 1 celeste
Vibraphone, tubular bells, celeste
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Palimpsest 1

No Timpani + 3 percussion + 1 celeste
2 xylophones, 5 snare drum, 2 whip, orchestral bass drum, celeste
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Ringed by the Flat Horizon

No timpani + 5 percussion + 1 celeste
4 timpani, snare drum, sizzle cymbal, orchestral bass drum, temple blocks, 5 bongos, glass chimes, whip, 5 suspended cymbals, glockenspiel, tam tam, triangle, vibraphone, xylophone, tubular bells, clash cymbals, celeste
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Sudden Time

Timpani + 5 percussion
4 sets sleigh bells, 9 temple bells, 2 whips, 2 vibraphones, bass bow, 2 suspended cymbals, 5 tambourine, 10 mini tabla, 2 glockenspiel, 4 guiros, 5 bongos, 16 crotales, 3 tom toms, 2 orchestral bass drums, 2 roto toms
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Three Inventions for Chamber Orchestra

No timpani + 2 percussion + 1 celeste
2 vibraphones, glockenspiel, 5 suspended cymbals, 2 octaves crotales, 3 bongos, washing board, 2 piccolo snare drums, 2 orchestral bass drums, 4 low gongs C,C#,D,D#, 2 tam tam, celeste
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Written on Skin

No Timpani + 4 percussion
Glockenspiel, 2 octaves crotales, lead steel pan, 2 tubular bells, 5 tuned cow bells, vibraphone, gong, 2 small timpani, 6 mini tablas, 3 bongos, 2 snare drums, 2 tenor drums, tumba, orchestral bass drum, small claves, 3 mokubios, 4 temple bells, sleigh bells, maracas, pebbles, guiro, whip, sandpaper blocks, typewriter, small triangle, untuned cowbell, clash cymbals, (2 pairs), 5 suspended cymbals, tam tam, glass harmonica
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