Compositions
Krzysztof Penderecki

(b. 1933)
Krzysztof Penderecki was born in 1933 in Dębica, Poland. He received violin and piano tuition at a very early age and entered the Conservatoire in Krakow when he was 18. From 1954, he studied composition with Artur Malewski and Stanislas Wiechowicz at the Krakow Academy of Music where he was subsequently appointed as professor in 1958. One year later, Penderecki won all three available prizes at the II Warsaw Competition for Young Composers. Penderecki gained a reputation with a wider public with the premiere of the St Luke Passion in Münster Cathedral in 1966. The Polish composer taught at the Folkwang Hochschule in Essen from 1966 to 1968. His first opera The Devils of Loudon based on a book by Aldous Huxley received its premiere at the Hamburg State Opera House in 1969. In 1972, Penderecki was appointed as rector of the State Academy of Music in Krakow and also taught at Yale University in the USA from 1973 to 1978. Penderecki gained an international reputation as the conductor of both his own compositions and other works.

Composition timpani and percussion requirements

Cello Concerto

Timpani + 4 percussion
Tam tam, bongos, clash cymbals, guiro, snare drum, temple block set
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First Symphony

2 Timpani + 6 percussion
Congas, 5 crotales, 5 wood blocks, vibraphone, marimba, 3 pairs claves, bongos, whip, tubular bells, 4 cowbells, 6 suspended cymbals, tam tam, gong, guiro, hyoshigi, 6 tom toms, temple block set, triangle, whip, congas, glockenspiel, binsasara, ratchet, orchestral bass drum
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Polish Requiem

Timpani + 8 percussion
2 triangles, glockenspiel, vibraphone, xylophone, 5 timbales, 2 pairs clash cymbals, tubular bells, 2 snare drums, 2 whips, 2 suspended cymbals
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Horn Concerto

Timpani + 4 percussion
Bass drum, Vibraphone (bowed), Suspended cymbal, Tam tam, Sleigh bells, Marimba, Clash cymbals, Cowbell, Triangle, Whip, Glockenspiel, Xylophone, Tambourine, Tom tom, Tenor drum, Crotales (bowed), Bell tree, Snare drum

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