Compositions
Maurice Ravel

(1875 - 1937)
Joseph-Maurice Ravel was born in France near the Spanish border, to Swiss and Basque parents. His father's engineering work soon brought the family to Paris and the young man entered the Paris Conservatory at age 14. He enrolled as a pianist but switched to composition under Gabriel Fauré and André Gedalge. Ravel was a less radical a composer than Claude Debussy but rebellious in his own way. Where Debussy could write pieces to please the Conservatory masters and win a Prix de Rome, Ravel refused to be bound by the school's composition rules. His failure to win prizes did not endear him to his masters, even though he wrote successful pieces early on, including his Violin Sonata (1897) and Shéhérazade (1898). Given those successes, his failure to win the Prix de Rome in 1905 led to a public scandal and a change in the Conservatory directorship.

Composition timpani and percussion requirements

Alborado del Gracioso

Timpani
Int'l 32/29/26 Prem 32/30/28
6 percussion
Orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, A crotale, triangle, tambourine, castanets, xylophone, snare drum
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Bolero

Timpani
Int'l 32/29/26 Prem 32/30/28
4 percussion + celeste
2 snare drums, tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, celeste
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Daphins et Chloe Complete Ballet

Timpani + 8 percussion + keyed glockenspiel
1) snare drum, 2) glockenspiel, xylophone, 3) tambour, 4) glockenspiel 2, suspended cymbal, 5) castanets, tam tam, crotales B C C# E F, 6) tambourine, wind machine, 7) clash cymbals, suspended cymbal, 8) orchestral bass drum, 9) triangle
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Daphnis et Chloe (1st Suite)

Timpani
Int'l 32/29/26 Prem 32/30/28
8 percussion
Orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, suspended cymbal, 2 snare drums, triangle, hi crotales & 1 low B, castanets, xylophone, triangle, tambourine, 2 glockenspiels, wind machine, tam tam
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Daphnis et Chloe (2nd Suite)

Timpani + 9 percussion
1) glockenspiel 1, 2) snare drum, 3) tenor drum, 4) tenor drum, 5) triangle, 6) orchestral bass drum, 7) clash cymbals, suspended cymbal, 8) glockenspiel 2, 9) castanets
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Jeux D'eaux

Timpani + 2 percussion
1) triangle, 2) suspended cymbal
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L'enfant et les sortilèges

Timpani + 6 percussion
1) triangle, wood block, whip, swanee whistle, 2) snare drum, small drum in D, wind machine, 3) tam tam, guiro, ratchet, pair of crotales in A, 4) xylophone, suspended cymbal, 5) clash cymbals, suspended cymbal, 6) orchestral bass drum
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L'heure espagnole

Timpani + 7 percussion
3 real metronomes onstage (speeds 40 / 100 / 232)
Glockenspiel, tubular bells, whip, xylophone, orchestral bass drum, sleigh bells, clock spring, tam tam, ratchet, triangle, snare drum
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La Valse

Timpani
Int'l 32/29/26 Prem 32/30/28
6 percussion
Snare drum, triangle, glockenspiel, C crotale, tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, castanets, tambourine, suspended cymbal
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Mother Goose (Ballet)

Timpani
Int'l 32/29/26 Prem 32/30/28
4 percussion
Tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, suspended cymbal, triangle, glockenspiel, xylophone, snare drum (possible keyed glockenspiel)
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Mother Goose (Suite)

Timpani
Int'l 32/29/26 Prem 32/30/28
3 percussion
Tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, triangle, glockenspiel, xylophone (possible keyed glockenspiel)
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Piano Concerto for the Left Hand

Timpani + 5 percussion
Wood block, snare drum, triangle, tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals
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Piano Concerto in G

Timpani + 3 percussion
Whip, snare drum, tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, triangle
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Rhapsody Espagnol

Timpani + 5 percussion
Castanets, tambourine, triangle, tam tam, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, xylophone, snare drum
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Scheherezade

Timpani
Int'l 29/26 Prem 30/28
3 percussion
Snare drum, orchestral bass drum, clash cymbals, triangle, tam tam, glockenspiel, snare drum, tambourine
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Tzigane

No Timpani + 1 percussion
Triangle, clash cymbals, F# note (glock/crotale)
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Valses nobles et sentimentales

Timpani + 6 percussion
1) glockenspiel, 2) snare drum, 3) clash cymbals, suspended cymbal, 4) orchestral bass drum, 5) tambourine, 6) triangle, suspended cymbal
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